THE INFLUENCE OF JOB INSECURITY ON JOB BURNOUT OF TEACHERS INPRIVATE COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES IN HENAN PROVINCE: A MODERATED MEDIATION MODE

Author: WANG XINPING

Issue: 2023-2024

Abstract:

In an individual’s perception and assessment, job insecurity is one of the facts that threaten job and ongoing job security. The negative consequences of processes that cannot be dealt with in working life also constitute burnout. Like job insecurity, burnout is a long-term response to personalized, failed efforts. Job burnout is characterized by emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, powerlessness, or low sense of accomplishment. This study aims to explore the relationship between job insecurity and job burnout. Based on social exchange theory, resource protection theory and social identity theory, this study uses literature analysis to summarize relevant research literature, and puts forward research hypotheses and establishes theoretical models through theoretical derivation. Then, 483 teachers in 5 private colleges and universities in Henan Province were investigated by means of questionnaire and statistical analysis. The research found that the mediating effect of occupational stress on job insecurity and job burnout was examined after controlling for age, gender, teaching experience and income. The results showed that job insecurity positively predicted job burnout, job insecurity significantly positively predicted job stress. The positive prediction effect of occupational stress on job burnout is significant. Occupational identity is a significant positive predictor of occupational stress. The stronger the perceived occupational identity, the stronger the occupational stress. The product term of job identity and job insecurity had no significant predictive effect on job burnout, indicating that job identity did not regulate the predictive effect of job insecurity on job stress.

In addition, we also examined the effects of job insecurity and occupational stress on various dimensions of job burnout. It is found that 7 respondents have job insecurity, accounting for 77.78%, 8 people feel great pressure, accounting for 88.89%, and 6people have job burnout, accounting for 66.67%. The main reasons are heavy teaching tasks, difficulties in scientific research and title evaluation, narrow channels for learning and promotion, unreasonable management system, heavy transactional tasks, low wages, and no retirement security. It is basically consistent with the results of questionnaire survey. Finally, based on the suggestions of the interviewer and the author’s 20 years of work in colleges and universities, the author puts forward a plan to reduce job insecurity and job burnout from three aspects of society, organization and individual, hoping to provide reference value for the construction and development of private colleges and universities in Henan Province.

Keywords: Job Insecurity, Occupational stress, Job Burnout, Professional Identity